Thursday, December 13, 2012

National Election Reflection 2012



National election

On the national level there is a great and divisive set of debates going on in our country about not just the role government should play but about some of the fundamental values of our society. This plays out on the local level to some extent but compassion and a desire to actually accomplish something usually wins the day (thankfully).

Nationally, the debates I see are summed up as individualism vs collectivism, laissez-faire capitalism vs a mixed economy or social-market economy (calling this socialism is both laughable and completely untrue), some form of makers vs takers or self reliance vs entitlement, and finally the role of government in our lives.

All of these debates are related and some of them are just strawmen for a broader ethical discussions on the class/cast system in America. These debates though are truly adversarial. If one side believes strongly in either extreme, they are nearly mutually exclusive in nature. Thankfully, most of us fall somewhere in the middle. That said, with an increasingly polarized electorate and party system, these debates are becoming harder and harder to have. This is leading to greater uncertainty as to the track of things to come.

Individual vs Collective

I like this debate. I like both sides for different reasons. There are many areas where the government should just get out of our personal lives. Namely, in areas where it doesn’t hurt or affect anyone else. Allowing individuals to live and let live is a key element to having a free society.

But broadening this to say that somehow we are not interconnected is insane. We live in a world of specialists. There is almost no one in our country that is entirely self sufficient or would want to be. It makes far more sense to develop a skill or learn a trade and use currency to get the things you don’t have the skills or natural resources for. Thus, we are all dependent on each other by the very nature of our system.

Because of that, if we improve the lives of a large enough portion of the population, we will all reap the benefits. Helping people get out of poverty or increasing upward mobility allows a greater number of people to solve their own problems or be the next major innovators or future workforce. Due to our massively interconnected society creating a strong and dare I say liberal, social contract only serves to help all of us. By creating and using a pool of common resources, we bring stability to all of us.

Laissez-faire capitalism vs a mixed economy

As mentioned before, it would be laughable to call this argument capitalism vs socialism. Both our major parties are controlled by corporate interests and to declare otherwise is not accurate. My concern with a strictly capitalist run system (including most if not all government functions) is that they are beholden to no one but the market and their own profits.

We need rules to play by. Being a capitalist or business person does not make you morally superior. You are still just as likely as any other citizen (and in fact monetarily incentivized in some cases) to lie, cheat, abuse, manipulate and steal your way to success. It happens all the time. The government needs to set the rules to protect consumers, workers and our natural resources from exploitation and abuse. These rules should be smart and solve a problem and we do need them.

The argument of makers vs takers

If only we had less people sucking from the system, all our problems would be solved. If we did not have so many people on the government dole, we would be able to balance our budgets and not run deficits. This has been a popular argument in recent political cycles. I find this drastically over simplifies some serious issues that relate to the stability of our union.

The three areas of greatest concern are: 1) the distribution of wealth in America, 2) Access to medical care and 3) Equality of opportunity - the idea that no matter where you are born in America, you should have a decent shot at the American dream.

My first thought when I hear this is that the “makers” clearly have no idea what it is like to be a “taker.” Our “takers” in America, so we can put a face to them, are our veterans, our seniors, our disabled, our poor and our children. Some of these people have paid into our systems, some of them cannot, some of them have paid in other ways, and of course, some are abusing the system. These people are not so different than you or I or any other “maker”, they just got dealt a different set of cards.

The bottom line is that when having this conversation, we need to look not at this argument of who makes and who takes, but at the three points I made above. We need to understand how wealth is distributed and how more than 50% of this country has none. We need to look at how wealth is largely a product of birth and little else. We need to understand that while a hospital is legally required to provide treatment to an injury or illness, this is not the same as having access to medical care and preventative medicine. That requiring each of us to pay into the pot of insurance also makes us more accountable to each other and helps more of those that need it so desperately. Lastly, the great allure of the American dream is that it is achievable by all of us. We should not strive to make it a dream that only people with huge structural advantages or good genetics can achieve. We need opportunities to be at all levels of the spectrum so even people who might not start out with every advantage can be given the tools to reach their potential.

Role of Government

I believe that civil society needs public goods. Goods where all of us contribute some portion of our production to a pool of shared resources. National defense, maintenance of our legal system, infrastructure projects and education are some areas I think most of us agree we need to have. We certainly will not agree completely on the various priorities, but I believe that if they can be well managed and achieve desirable results, we would feel better about how our shared contribution is being spent.

My concerns with complete privatization of goods and services are that while you might gain in efficiency and quality, you will also leave behind those that do not (or cannot) pay as much in taxes or those who do not work in the influential circles. Another concern is accountability. If many previously public goods are now privately managed, how do the people hold anyone accountable? Corporations are not elected. While we could de-fund them (or hire someone new), once the programs are in place, it is very hard to undo it. Elected officials are beholden to the people. At any point, in any election, we can vote them out. This is a powerful tool for change and should keep our political system loyal to the people.

Where do we go from here?

Our world is becoming increasingly complex. There are no easy answers to many of our problems and adjustments to our system often have a myriad of unintended consequences. What I can say for sure is that we must stop the culture of weighing opinions over facts and misinformation or misrepresentation in place of objective truth. There are many outcomes we can accurately predict and many areas where we see the consequences of our actions but confuse ourselves by saying otherwise. This has to stop.

Whether we like it or not, America is a melting pot of ideas, cultures, and histories. We must strive to be a culture that values our diversity not fears it. We all come from different cultural or ethnic backgrounds as well as different ability levels, personal health, and luck. I would urge people to judge less, listen more and realize that not everyone processes things the same way or for the same reason. People make mistakes and there will always be inequities in any system. If we strive to focus on the facts of the situation, temper it with compassion and work as hard as we are able each day to make a better world, I doubt there are any problems we cannot overcome if we can find a way to work together.

Tuesday, December 4, 2012

State House Election Reflection 2012


First of all, I would like to say thank you. Thank you to each and every volunteer, donor and voter that supported election my efforts. Thank you especially to Jackie, Trey, David, Matt, Dana, Jeff, Mike, Trav, Glenn and Marguerite for your support and advice. This effort would have been so much harder without you. I truly enjoyed knocking doors and getting out to voters to make my case to be their representative.

After having several weeks to recover (and get married!), I wanted to provide a detailed account of my own race and what the implications are locally. I’ll do another post on the national election and evaluate the direction of our country. There is a long philosophical discussion being had via a variety of proxy arguments which I would like to cut through.


HD 87

My race did not turn out as I had hoped, but it had some challenges that ultimately were not that surprising. One thing I did prior to the race was to study the numbers and demographics of the district. While they are changing to be more liberal or partial to a Democratic candidate those shifts are slow.

The numbers I had previously studied suggested for the district suggested a performance similar to how it ended up. In 2008, this was one of the closest elections in the state with the Democrat losing by a mere 170 or so votes. In 2010, it was around a 700 vote difference in favor of the Republican. In 2012, I lost by a bit over 1,000. There are several explanations for this. The first is the redistricting of the 2010 census. Several highly Democratic districts were sent to HD 88 (a highly Democratic district) and several Republican leaning districts were added. Combine this with the significantly lower turnout compared to 2008 and you have a series of numbers similar to what the Democratic candidate had gotten in 2008 and 2010. Another challenge and something for the numbers people is there was also a lot of correlation to how the president performed and how I did. Given President Obama's lack of popularity, it certainly did not help the cause.

There are several moral victories. One is that I spent far less than anyone in years and less than any serious race state-wide. I only spent about $25,000 with Nelson sitting on nearly three times that in the final weeks of the campaign with more coming in. Many candidates spent far more than I did only to get beat by wider margins.

Another more personal victory was that I ran the campaign I wanted. I had no special interest resources pouring into my campaign. I specifically rejected PAC or committee money (several thousand dollars worth). The support of the party structure or outside groups was light. Volunteers, contributions, and most of the messaging and design work were done by my campaign (and many dear friends) directly. All contributions were from individuals.

The last positive is that we ran a race based on messaging that is important and broadly supported. Independence from corporate contributions, community driven legislation (as opposed to national special interests writing and driving the bills), and support for our public education system. I still believe bolstering these concepts are the key to many of our problems, especially, our national distrust in the role and purpose of government.

State Politics moving forward

On a local level, the power is now firmly in the hands of the Republicans. It is hard to say what strategies will be coming up. Politics is an ever shifting sea of public sentiment and posturing.

I would anticipate some socially conservative messaging, fiscal conservatives will demand a reduction in services, there will continue to be a push to privatize traditionally government services (look for this most in public education) and there will be a focus on making government more bureaucratically accountable than ever.

For local social conservatives, we might see the continued efforts to declare marriage (yet again) to be between a man and a woman, efforts to redefine biology and rational ethics by defining a fetus as having all of the rights as fully birthed human being at the point of conception. The will continue to push the hypocritical argument that because they are forced to pay for a single aspect of our health services that they morally oppose (as if all of us agree on every dollar of military spending or corporate welfare), the entire law should fall. If you want to live socially conservatively, please do so, just don’t make everyone else do it too.

For fiscal conservatives, they will continue to further convince each other that services should be reduced in all cases. Despite record numbers of incarcerated people in our prisons, uninsured and poverty stricken citizens, the answer to our problems is to somehow make do with less. Never mind that some increase in government spending is the direct result of an increasing population, the message will be to cut, cut, cut. Thankfully this argument is losing some steam nationally and while budget reform is critically important, so is taking care of our poor, sick, elderly and children.     

For the privatization conservative, look no further than public education. The argument between a publicly available good or service and a private one notwithstanding, the idea that the market solves all ills will rear its head again. Education is one of the last great industries that has not been majority privatized. While I do see the obvious benefits of a market based solution, ethically, I feel some goods and services should not be at the whims of the profit motive. Introducing more and more vouchers or other tools to privatize education will create a further stratification of the haves and have nots. On one side you will have the people that can utilize a voucher and pay any differences and on the other you will have more and more children left behind. Efforts to privatize public education will be out in force.

For the accountability conservative, you will see it most in public education and DHS and notably absent in the legislative committee rooms or the governorship. It is curious how it is okay to propose and implement mind numbing bureaucracy on an institution when it serves your political purpose but then turn around and decry bureaucracy when it is against your interests. Namely, the governor and the legislators do not want more transparency or accountability. They don’t want to be forced to explain any more than they have to.

I detest hypocrisy in all its forms. Public or private, our world needs less red tape. Bureaucracy is to stop bad or dumb people from doing bad or dumb things. Bad people should be punished and dumb people should be educated. We don’t need to introduce more red tape to our civic organizations. We need to clear it out. That said, the people who are supposed to be in charge should be held to a high degree of accountability. With great power comes some pretty hefty responsibility. The current legislature and governor will resist open meetings and transparency, this is not the right direction.

The positive side to all this is they seem incapable of mounting an effective systemic change. The in-fighting and politicizing of trivial issues will slow down the rate of change. At the end of the day, I do not anticipate a governance in Oklahoma that is much different from the past. Squandered opportunities to implement conservative change will likely be the hallmark of the current administration and a keep on keeping on is likely what is in store.

I will remain passionately active in advocating for real solutions. Eliminating a needed or beneficial service is not a solution to our fiscal woes. The real trick is improving it. Increasing its capabilities while reducing its costs. This is not just good business but good sense. Public goods create a stronger more integrated society. Whether we agree with it or not, we are all on this rock together and having public goods enables our society to work and gives us common cause. My goal is to see government work. I want government goods and services, from schools to military to police and fire to our legal system to be something we feel good about, take pride in and think that our money is being spent responsibly and effectively. These services may not have a direct profit motivation but enrich our lives and improve our communities. 

I will be around. I am always open to new ideas, new friends and new opportunities so stay in touch! My last request to end this one is asking for a bit of help settling a few campaign debts. If you can help with any amount, it would be greatly appreciated. See you out there.

Sunday, November 4, 2012

The Issues and the Choice

Every election is about issues and a choice. This will be the guide that every voter can refer to when they want to know where I stand. This will also describe your choice. The current incumbent and I likely agree on many common sense issues, but on a number of critical issues, there is a difference on what I will focus on and what he has chosen to focus on.

Public Education

According to the Oklahoma Constitution, every child is legally guaranteed a free, public education in Oklahoma. In addition to the legal requirement, this is good for our economy, it is good for our communities and it is the vehicle by which we all have a shot at the American dream. I believe this system needs to be world class in order for our children to compete in a modern world.

There are many opponents of public education in Oklahoma, specifically in the Government sworn to develop and maintain it. They consider it a failed system that costs far too much money and yields negative results. They believe it would be better in another form, perhaps as a voucher driven private system or an array of charter schools further dividing our children and communities. I reject this. Privatization of education will lead to further stratification of educational opportunities between socio-economic statuses. The haves with the power of their vouchers will go to ever better private school and the kids whose parents cannot or will not use the voucher (or perhaps would be rejected by the private schools) will be left in the forgotten public schools. This future of public education will leave far too many behind.

We need to continue to invest in our public schools and focus the community on strengthening our commitment to public education. I also believe that additional funding for schools going to teacher pay, hiring more teachers and making sure our schools provide better food will go a long way to improving our educational outcomes.

Economics

Oklahoma has been fortunate to have one of the strongest economies in the country. Abundant energy, a revitalized capital city, and a low cost of living have combined to make Oklahoma a destination for businesses and workers alike. I want to keep this going.

By making investments in areas of common good that help citizens live safer, better educated and more productive lives, we can keep this engine going forward. Much of our progress in the last 10 years is from the government, community and businesses working together. I would like to work on solutions to real problems and work to represent the best interests of the people and taxpayers, not just special interests and lobbyists. By working to make government more efficient and effective, we can help businesses grow.

Neighborhoods

Our neighborhoods are the anchors of our communities. Encouraging more connected, watchful and healthier neighborhoods improves our lives. Building more sidewalks and encouraging the development of neighborhood associations helps improve the safety of our neighborhoods and health of our citizens. I would do what I can from a legislative position to support our local neighborhoods.

Healthcare

We pay a tremendous amount for our healthcare in the US. We need to take a comprehensive look at what the public, private and non-profit world can do to reduce healthcare costs and improve outcomes. A healthier population would dramatically reduce our health care spending. Another idea is to get a better handle on the end cost to customers of health care. If health care providers are encouraged or required to provide the costs up front for medical service, it would enable customers to more easily seek competitive medical care.

There is no magic bullet that will fix our healthcare crisis. The costs are driven by a myriad of problems and the solutions will come from many directions. We need to have candid conversations. Insurance companies, doctors, hospitals and patients all need to do their part to improve the system and bring costs down.

Social issues and individual freedom

I am a social libertarian. I believe the my rights end where yours begin. The constitution is an important document that cannot be changed or ignored when it is convenient. I believe in upholding individual rights. I also believe the government should have limits to its intrusion in our lives. I am ready and willing to stand up to any individual or organization looking to take away our rights.

Ballot Access/Election Law Reforms

Oklahoma has some of the worst election laws in the country. Our overt protection of the two party system disenfranchises voters and limits our choices to an A or a B. I believe in elected choice and that Oklahoma should have greater ballot access. I will support any legislation that furthers this goal.

The current incumbent is certainly knowledgeable about government; I do not doubt that, but his special interest connections are concerning and a lot of what is wrong with our political system. His picking winners and losers in private education helps only the very few. His DHS reforms while laudable came only after the state had been sued for not getting the job done. We can do better. I offer you the choice of a forward thinking, proactive legislator. I offer you someone who rejects special interest control and looks to serve the community’s interests first. I offer you a clear-minded, service focused choice for your next representative. I ask for your vote on November 6th.

Friday, November 2, 2012

Special interest influence

Among the positive aspects of elections such as laying out a vision for better public schools or refocusing legislation on what the people want, there are also contrasts.

Much of my messaging has been about my independence from special interest connections. Specially, I am not taking Political Action Committee (PAC) or corporate committee money; all of my contributions are from individuals (more than $20,000).

I have also pointed out my opponent has numerous and extensive special interest connections.

Below is a list via the Oklahoma Ethics Commission of monies he has raised from special interests in the last four years. He has raised more than $200,000 from 115 different PACs for a job that pays a mere $38,000. Given the complexities of researching voting records and the closed nature of legislative committee meetings (they are not subject to open meetings rules), it is impossible to know where he has helped those that have made generous donations, but you can bet it has happened.

This list is long (almost 200 different donations), but I do believe it begs the question of whose interests does my opponent have? This is not a baseless attack or one without evidence. Read the list below and follow the dollars: All of which are directly supporting my opponent’s campaign. Not one penny of the dollars listed below came from an individual person; all were from PACs.

Special Interest PACContributionDateUnique donor
1/1-3/31/08 Report
Farmer's Employee & Agent PAC$5003/311
New Centennial PAC$5003/312
New Leadership Fund$2503/283
Oklahoma First$1,0003/274
Majority Leadership Fund$1,0003/245
4/1-7/14/08
Spectra Energy Corp. PAC$5006/306
GOP Senate Committee$2506/137
OK Optometric PAC$2506/98
OK Osteophatic PAC$1006/39
Koch Industries Inc. PAC$1,0007/510
7/15-8/11
OK Beverage Industry Employees PAC$5008/711
OK Independent Energy PAC$5008/612
OK Society of Anesthesiologists PAC$1,0007/2113
8/12-10/20/08
GOP Senate Committee$2,50010/16*
Marathon Oil Co. Employees$50010/714
Center for Legislative Excellence$2,50010/715
OKC Republican Women's Club$25010/616
Tronox Inc. PAC$25010/617
AT&T Oklahoma PAC$50010/618
Spectra Energy Corp. PAC$50010/319
Majority Leadership Fund$1,00010/320
Sooner PAC$50010/221
OK for Better Housing$50010/222
OKAA PAC$50010/123
OK Assoc. of Insurance Agents PAC$2,50010/124
OK Medical PAC$2,5009/2925
OK County Repub Committee$4,0009/2926
Greater OKC Legislative Committee$2,5009/2727
Realtors PAC of OK$2,5009/2528
Energy for OK PAC$5,0009/2529
UST, Inc. Executives, Admin., & Mngrs PAC$5009/2430
FOP 123 PAC$2,5009/2231
Farmer's Employee & Agent PAC$2509/19*
Tri-City Republican Women's PAC$1009/532
AGCOK PAC$1009/533
OK Federation of Republican Women Candidate$4259/534
NAIFA-OK, Inc. PAC$2008/2135
Great State PAC$1,0008/1936
Central OK Business Alliance$2,5008/1937
OK Ag Fund$2508/1238
10/21-12/31/2008
SURE-Speak Up for Rural Electrification$30012/2239
OK Optometric PAC$35012/10*
OK Ag Fund$25011/5*
OK Concrete Pavement PAC$20010/3140
OK Cardiovascular Assoc., P.C. PAC$50010/3141
OK for a Healthy Future$1,00010/3042
Devon Energy Corp. PAC$2,00010/3043
BOK Financial Corp. PAC$25010/2944
Ag PAC$10010/2845
Majority Leadership Fund$50010/27*
OK Assoc. of General Contractors$50010/2746
OKC Business Council$5,00010/2647
OK Dental PAC$50010/2348
Grow OK PAC$5,00010/2349
1/1-3/31/09
OK Society of CPAs PAC$2501/2850
Cox Communications OK PAC$5001/2851
Conoco Phillips SpiritPAC$5001/2752
Architect's PAC$2501/2053
OK Bankers Public Affairs Comm.$5001/2054
Okie TiPAC$5001/1655
Physicians Asst. PAC$5001/1656
Agriculture Cooperative PAC$1001/1557
Thoroughbred PAC$2501/1558
OK Academy of Ophthalmology$5001/1559
OANA PAC$2001/1360
CCOSA PAC$4001/961
AEP PAC$2501/862
OK Malt PAC$5001/863
Ag PAC$1001/5*
OK for Better Housing (Home Builders PAC)$2001/564
IMPAC PAC of OK$2001/565
OK Osteophatic PAC$2001/5*
A Postitive Solution$2501/566
OGE Energy Corp. Employees PAC$2501/567
FKG PAC$5001/568
Farmer's Employee & Agent PAC$5001/5*
4/1-6/30/2009
New Centennial PAC$5006/26*
OK Assoc. of General Contractors$5006/25*
7/1-9/30/09
OK Dental PAC$2509/29*
Johnson & Johnson PAC$5009/2469
Wal-Mart Stores Inc. PAC for Responsible Gov't$2509/1070
OPEA PAC$1,0009/971
OK Restaurant Assoc. PAC$2007/1172
10/1-12/31/09
Thoroughbred PAC$30012/18*
Majority Leadership Fund$1,00012/17*
Ok Dental Hygienists Assoc. PAC$30010/3073
OANA PAC$1,00010/23*
Spectra Energy Corp. PAC$30010/22*
Koch Industries Inc. PAC$50010/2*
1/1-3/31/10
Unified Chiropractic Assoc. PAC$1001/2774
OK Academy of Ophthalmology$2001/27*
OK Veteranary PAC$2001/2675
OK Assoc. of General Contractors$1,0001/26*
OK Bankers Public Affairs Comm.$5001/25*
Cox Communications OK PAC$3001/21*
OK Independent Energy PAC$1,0001/21*
Wal-Mart Stores Inc. PAC for Responsible Gov't$2501/20*
Working OK Alliance PAC$5001/2076
Conoco Phillips SpiritPAC$5001/20*
AT&T Oklahoma PAC$2501/12*
4/1-7/12/12
OK Ag Fund$1,0007/9*
OK Pork Council PAC$1007/777
7/13-8/9
OK Osteophatic PAC$2508/2*
Cox Communications OK PAC$3007/16*
Farmer's Employee & Agent PAC$1,0007/15*
8/10-10/18/10
FBL PAC Florida Power & Light Co. Employees PAC$37510/1878
Heartland Community Bankers Assoc. PAC$50010/1879
Thoroughbred PAC$75010/18*
OKC Business Council$5,00010/18*
Garfield County Republican Women's Club$20010/1580
OK Independent Energy PAC$1,50010/15*
FKG PAC$50010/14*
OK Assoc. of Career & Tech Education PAC$15010/1381
Verizon Good Gov't Club of OK$20010/1382
Eli Lilly & Co. PAC$30010/1383
NAIFA-OK, Inc. PAC$35010/13*
OKAA PAC$50010/13*
Blue Cross Employees PAC$1,00010/1384
OK Assoc. of Insurance Agents PAC$1,50010/12*
IMPAC PAC of OK$50010/8*
Greater OKC Chamber PAC$3,50010/885
OHA PAC-Oklahoma Hospital Assoc. PAC$40010/786
AT&T Oklahoma PAC$50010/7*
OK Republican Party$50010/687
CCOSA$40010/5*
Central OK Business Alliance$3,00010/5*
OK County Repub Committee$3,00010/2*
OK Restaurant Assoc. PAC$25010/1*
ONEOK Inc. Employee PAC$5009/3088
OK Independent Energy PAC$1,5009/30*
OK Society of Anesthesiologists PAC$2,0009/30*
AEP PAC$2509/29*
OK Medical PAC$1,0009/28*
OK Beverage Industry Employees PAC$2509/27*
OK Beverage Industry Employees PAC$5009/27*
Cox Communications OK PAC$5009/27*
Free Enterprise PAC$1,0009/2789
OK Pharm PAC$5009/2390
Astellas US LLC PAC$2009/2291
United Community Bankers PAC$2509/2292
OK Society of Anesthesiologists PAC$1,5009/21*
Working OK Alliance PAC$5009/20*
Tri-City Republican Women's PAC$3009/11*
BOK Financial Corp. PAC$5008/24*
OK Federation of Republican Women Candidate$2508/20*
OK Society of CPAs PAC$2508/19*
Center for Legislative Excellence$3,0008/19*
Spectra Energy Corp. PAC$5008/16*
OK Assoc. of General Contractors$1,0008/16*
AT&T Oklahoma PAC$2508/10*
NAIFA-OK, Inc. PAC$3508/10*
OK Optometric PAC$5008/10*
OK Malt PAC$5008/10*
OK for Better Housing (Home Builders PAC)$6008/10*
10/19-12/21-10
OPEA PAC$2,50012/9*
Pfizer Inc. PAC$20011/393
Unified Chiropractic Assoc. PAC$1,00011/3*
OK Medical PAC$2,50011/3*
Unit Corp. PAC$30010/2994
OK Ag Ed Teachers Assoc. PAC$50010/2895
OK County Repub Committee$50010/27*
Doctor PAC$50010/2796
Medco Health Solutions PAC$50010/2797
Newfield Exploration PAC$50010/2798
AT&T Oklahoma PAC$1,00010/27*
Farmer's Employee & Agent PAC$1,00010/27*
OK Dental PAC$1,00010/27*
Marathon Oil Co. Employees$1,00010/27*
OK Quarter Horse Racing PAC$1,00010/2799
CARE PAC$2,00010/27100
Realtors PAC of OK$2,50010/27*
OKC Republican Women's Club$20010/26*
OK Grocers Assoc. PAC$25010/26101
OGE Energy Corp. Employees PAC$35010/26*
Ok Dental Hygienists Assoc. PAC$10010/25*
Agriculture Cooperative PAC$25010/25*
OK Academy of Ophthalmology$25010/25*
Land Run PAC$10010/23102
Central OK Business Alliance$2,00010/23*
OK Rural Water Assoc. PAC$10010/22103
Altria Group Inc. PAC$25010/22104
Chevron Employee PAC$25010/22105
OK for Better Housing (Home Builders PAC)$50010/22*
We Mean Business PAC$2,00010/21106
Devon Energy Corp. PAC$5,00010/21*
American Council of Life Insurers PAC$30010/20107
OK Pork Council PAC$40010/20*
Koch Industries Inc. PAC$1,00010/20*
SURE-Speak Up for Rural Electrification$50010/19*
OK Wholesale Marketers PAC$30010/19108
Majority Leadership Fund$50010/19*
Greater OKC Legislative Committee$5,00010/19*
1/1-3/31/2011
ITC Holding Corp. PAC$2502/3109
4/1-6/30/11 (NONE)
7/1-9/30/11 (NONE)
10/1-12/31/11
OK Bankers Public Affairs Comm.$25011/2*
Eli Lilly & Co. PAC$50010/28*
AEP PAC$25010/26*
FKG PAC$50010/25*
OK Malt PAC$75010/25*
Energy for OK PAC$1,00010/25*
OK for Better Housing (Home Builders PAC)$2,00010/25*
Spectra Energy Corp. PAC$25010/18*
Wal-Mart Stores Inc. PAC for Responsible Gov't$50010/18*
OSPA PAC$20010/15110
OK Osteophatic PAC$25010/12*
OPEA PAC$1,50010/5*
ResCare Inc. Advocacy Fund$25010/1111
Hewlett-Packard Co. PAC$50010/1112
Thoroughbred PAC$35012/31*
OK Optometric PAC$40012/27*
Working OK Alliance PAC$35012/20*
Cox Communications OK PAC$50012/20*
OCP PAC$50012/17113
Physicians Asst. PAC$50012/14*
Conoco Phillips SpiritPAC$50012/5*
Farmer's Employee & Agent PAC$75012/1*
OHA PAC-Oklahoma Hospital Assoc. PAC$40012/24*
1/1-3/31/12
OPEA PAC$1,0002/3*
OK Independent Energy PAC$1,0002/3*
United Community Bankers PAC$2502/1*
AT&T Oklahoma PAC$3501/31*
OK Pharm PAC$5001/20*
Blue Cross Employees PAC$7501/17*
OK Petroleum Marketers Assoc. PAC$2501/9114
SURE-Speak Up for Rural Electrification$7501/6*
Architect's PAC$2501/3*
Realtors PAC of OK$1,0001/3*
4/1-6/11/12
OK Quarter Horse Racing PAC$1,0006/9*
OK Ag Fund$1,0006/6*
5/12-8/13/12
CCOSA$2008/13*
Spectra Energy Corp. PAC$5008/9*
ONEOK Inc. Employee PAC$3007/26*
BP Corporation North America Inc. PAC$2507/25115
OHA PAC-Oklahoma Hospital Assoc. PAC$5006/22*
OK Society of Anesthesiologists PAC$1,5006/15*
8/14-10/22/12
OK Quarter Horse Racing PAC$1,00010/22*
OK Optometric PAC$50010/15*
Johnson & Johnson PAC$50010/15*
NAIFA-OK, Inc. PAC$30010/12*
Wal-Mart Stores Inc. PAC for Responsible Gov't$50010/7*
OK Ag Fund$1,00010/4*
Okie TiPAC$50010/2*
Ok Dental Hygienists Assoc. PAC$4009/22*
Chesapeake Oklahoma PAC$1,5009/18*
OK Society of Anesthesiologists PAC$5009/14*
Wind, Water, and Agriculture PAC$2509/11*
Merck Employees PAC$2509/10*
Devon Energy Corp. PAC$1,00010/25*
OK Academy of Ophthalmology$50010/25*
Thoroughbred PAC$50010/25*
OK Medical PAC$50010/25*
Home Builders PAC$50010/25*
OHA PAC-Oklahoma Hospital Assoc. PAC$50010/25*
Koch Industries Inc. PAC$1,00010/25*
OKAA PAC$50010/27*
Greater OKC Chamber PAC$1,00010/27*
$200,750